Outline of biomarkers
A biomarker can be simply defined as “an indicator of specific disease condition or status of a living organism.” As shown in the figure below, there are various biomarkers, ranging from very simple molecular markers to complex ones, and their measurement methods range widely.
Simple biomarker = limited information = reveals not so many details, but measurement is easy and inexpensive.
Complex biomarker = a lot of information = reveals many details, but is troublesome and expensive.
Genetic markers that can be measured with DNA microarrays, including 3D-Gene®, are between these two positions.
Biomarker: an indicator of specific disease condition or status of a living organism
(presence or severity of diseases)
Various targets and test and analysis methods are in use.